Benign prostate hyperplasia is a disease of the prostate gland in which the prostate gland basically increases in size and this disease is only seen amongst older men. The disease onsets in most males around the age of thirty but it are not until the age of fifty that its symptoms start to show. The prostrate is an extremely small organ found beneath the bladder and is made up of two kinds of cells; stromal and epithelial.
The prostrate surrounds the tube that leads to the urinary tract; urethra. The main function of the prostrate is to make fluids and sperms that are expelled out during ejaculation. Hence benign prostate hyperplasia is a disease only found amongst older men. The disease isn’t cancerous and it doesn’t harm a man’s sexual functions and capabilities in any way. a urologist will more easily explain to you, how this disease causes no life threatening harm.
However, what it can cause is minor urinary problems and symptoms which are used to diagnose this problem in the first place. Once its symptoms start showing, it is best that this disease should not be ignored as it leads to further development of urinary related infections and bladder stones.
Benign prostate hyperplasia is often mentioned by using the abbreviation Bph and is said to be least harmful. Only in around ten percent cases is a surgical operation needed, the rest can be treated with medication and self-care regimes. Studies have found out that at least ninety percent of males around the age of eighty have benign prostate hyperplasia.
There are a few symptoms that lead to a doctor diagnosing the patient of benign prostate hyperplasia. Since the prostrate surrounds the urethra, when it becomes enlarge it impedes the urine flow back into the bladder which can lead to urinary resistance that includes the patient sometimes feeling it to be difficult to start the flow of stream. It also leads to frequent urination during the night and urgency of urination which cannot be controlled by the person.
If these symptoms aren’t treated they can lead to development of further, more dangerous problems such as urinary tract infections which causes burning and pain while urinating. It can also cause blood to flow into the tract, which passes out along with urine which can be painful too. Furthermore, prostrate problems can lead to difficulty while ejaculation, facing erection problems, dribbling of urine and feeling stiffness in upper thighs and hips.
Furthermore, untreated benign prostate hyperplasia can also lead to bladder stones which are formed due to crystallization of salt particles in the bladder. This disease is to be tending to immediately upon the onset of the symptoms because urinary infections, if not treated can lead to the complete blockage of the urinary tract and urethra which can lead to serious damage to the kidneys.
Benign prostate hyperplasia is usually diagnosed by urologists by conducting a rectal exam in which an instrument known as cytoscope in inserted through the penis to feel the urethra, bladder and prostrate in order to look for any damage caused by the disease to these organs.
Since this disease isn’t cancerous, there is seldom any surgery required. Other than that possible treatments of benign prostate hyperplasia include careful watching of urine flow and medication that involve taking alpha blockers that help to relax the muscles of the bladder.
Antibiotics are also given to the patients along with alpha reductase inhibitors in order to shrink the size of the prostrate. Surgical procedures include microwave therapy, laser procedures and transurethral resection which involves shaving off excess part of the prostrate that is creating blockages in the urethra.