Helicobacter Pylori diagnosis in this day and age is very simple and easy procedure. It does not take long to do and can sometimes be very immediate. Helicobacter Pylori or H. Pylori is a bacterium that causes gastric ulcers. In the past, gastric ulcers would have been misdiagnosed as stress related or induced disease. Today, H. Pylori is responsible for 7 per cent of general practitioner visits. H. Pylori is so common today, that approximately 40 per cent of people are predicted to have this bacterium in their body.
However, it is important that people get a Helicobacter Pylori diagnosis as if caught early, H. Pylori is easily treated and prevents the person from getting gastric ulcers and reduces the risk of stomach cancer. Therefore it is important to get a Helicobacter Pylori diagnosis.
Here are the Helicobacter Pylori Diagnosis methods:
Signs And Symptoms – Helicobacter Pylori
The primary and first way to diagnose H. Pylori is through their history and signs & symptoms.Here are the signs and symptoms that doctors will look for a diagnosis for H. Pylori:
- Symptoms of bloating
- On palpation of the upper abdomen, it feels tender and full
- Upper abdominal pain
- Taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) will not make it better and can make it worse
- Dark looking stools or blood in the stools
- Vomit in the blood
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Abdomen looks swollen
Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
An endoscopy or camera is inserted through your oesophagus from your mouth to look into your stomach to see any signs of gastric ulcers or H. Pylori. In the endoscopy procedure, the doctor will take a biopsy and use a Rapid Urease Test to test for presence of H. Pylori. This test can give an immediate result if the person has an H. Pylori infection. The doctor will also try to cultivate H. Pylori also known as microbial culture to see if they can grow the bacterium. If they can’t grow the bacterium, then there is no presence of H. Pylori.
Urea Breath Test – Helicobacter Pylori
In this test for H. Pylori, the patient swallows Urea with an isotope to detect the presence of H. Pylori. Once the patient swallows the urea with isotope, 30 minutes later, the person is tested for the presence of isotope labelled carbon dioxide when exhaling breath. If there is an increased in labelled isotope carbon dioxide, then most likely the person has an H. Pylori infection.
Urine Enzyme-Linked Immunisorbent Assay (ELISA) Test
This test is to detect the presence of H. Pylori antigen in the urine of the patient. This is tested by a pathologist to see if there is a positive sign of this bacterium
Blood Test – Helicobacter Pylori
The presence of H. Pylori antigen or antibody can be detected in the blood stream. Unfortunately, this test is not as accurate as the other diagnostic tests.
Examining the stool by a pathologist can indicate if there is an infection. A sample must be given to the pathologist to detect the presence. If the H. Pylori antigen is detected, then this is a positive sign of H. Pylori
All of these diagnostic tests are not one hundred per cent. The use of multiple diagnostic test helps aids in the likely chance of detecting Helicobacter Pylori bacterium.