Central category of cognitive behavioral therapy techniques – a way of thinking in the broadest sense. The basic postulate is that it is the thinking man (the way of perception itself, the world and other people) defines its behavior, feelings and concerns.
For example, a man, convinced that he was helpless when faced with difficulties and problems will experience feelings of anxiety or despair, the state of disorganization, and therefore try to avoid their own decisions and actions.
Such a person in my head constantly flickering thoughts such as “not cope”, “incapable”, “shame”, “will sum up”, etc. In this case, these thoughts and beliefs may be in direct contradiction with its real capabilities and capacities. However, they determine its behavior and performance.
The restructuring of irrational beliefs and situational arising thoughts can get rid of heavy emotions, allows you to learn more constructively to solve various problems in life.
That such work is necessary for people with severe emotional problems – anxiety, depression, fits of anger and rage. In cognitive therapy developed a system of highly efficient technologies, techniques and exercises aimed at restructuring the non-adaptive thinking and develop abilities to think more realistically and constructively.
Although cognitive behavioral therapy as scientifically approach, there are only three decades, its sources back to ancient times. One of the fathers of cognitive therapy can be considered as Socrates – a wise man, famous for his dialogues in which he skillfully elicited errors and distortions of the human mind, thus helping people get rid of the unbearable fear of death, the inconsolable grief or disbelief in them.
All the people were so wise, owning skills to work with erroneous convictions, failures of logic and the “idols of consciousness” (Francis Bacon). However, cognitive therapy is an art transformed into a thoughtful and scientifically help system.
Aaron Beck, founder of cognitive behavioral therapy, based on its popularity and Freud can call value of his work for the development of psychotherapy the second half of XX century. Beck’s parents – immigrants from Russia, immigrated to the United States during World War II.
His academic career and practical (medical and teaching) activities were held at the School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia). Thanks to his outstanding talent therapist and educator, A. Beck managed to attract a large number of followers and establish his own school of psychotherapy.
Currently, cognitive therapy centers exist in all developed countries, and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Techniques of treatment practiced in many reputable clinics and consultations in Europe and America.
For cognitive behavioral therapy is characteristic deep respect for the client and the belief in his or her ability to be a full-fledged and equal partner in the psychotherapeutic process. The client receives information about the perceptions and practices underlying the psychotherapeutic process. With him are jointly formulated goals and objectives of the work, under which structured subsequent therapy sessions.
Typically, these sessions are held 1-2 times a week. There is a short version of cognitive behavioral therapy (10-12 sessions). In more serious problems of work can take up to 30-50 sessions or more. After completing the entire course of therapy is, recommended “support” mode is more rare meetings.
The distinctive feature and major advantage of cognitive behavioral therapy is the development of skills of self-regulation, i.e. learning a variety of client devices, allowing him to face a re-emerging negative experiences and problems of life.
Modern life has become too fast and a lot of stress has recently been laid on the Excellency of the work. People are forced on the work place and in the school to meet the unrealistic expectations of their bosses and their teachers. It leads to an unhealthy situation which might force students or the professional to take evasive action with horrendous consequences.
Peer pressure is the biggest issue which lead to the rise of the variety of disorders in a human being. For example if we talk about the obsessive compulsive disorder it is a strange situation in which the person is forced to do some activity which is not in control of the thought process. Some people have a maniacal obsession towards cleanliness.
It can assume crazy proportions if the habit is not controlled and might lead to undesired results. The person may feel isolated in the society and would have a world of its own. We need to know that the person who is suffering from the disorders actually is creating a false façade over his personality to prove himself or herself right before the person.
There are other problems for which the cognitive behavioral therapy techniques are very essential. The biggest problem is the anxiety syndrome. We can suffer anxiety due to the various factors. Sometimes the pressure of performance in the work place is very high because of the repeated stress on the quality of products or services and which cannot be maintained every time.
So we need to draw balance and not get sucked in the pressure. If the pressure is getting too much we must take a break and recoup ourselves to prelaunch with renewed vigor. This would help us in the long run. Remember health is wealth and if the health is there anything could be achieved in the future.
Thee basic ingredient of cognitive behavioral therapy techniques is the thought process which the psychologist changes in the patient. The patient thinks from his or her own perspectives and he generalizes his opinion based on his or her own faulty view.
In this case we need to know that the patient needs to be handled with utmost care and the doctor slowly tries to alter his thought process by making him look at the things scientifically. Thus by using these techniques the doctors can do a lot to change the plight of the patients for the better.