Psoriasis is chronic skin disorder among various individuals including men, women, young adults, and children as well as old age individuals. According to recent estimate psoriasis affects about 3% world population. What causes psoriasis is still an unsolved questing. No one is fully familiar with the root causes of psoriasis. It is known that there are basic five types of psoriasis, these are as follows.
- Plaque psoriasis
- Guttate psoriasis
- Inverse psoriasis
- Postular psoriasis
- Erythrodermic psoriasis
Psoriasis is not contagious disease. It is not a something that you catch from other or other catch from you. Even with best and excellent progress in medical field, there is no proper medicine in order to cure this skin disorder; you can just control the symptoms with medication. What causes psoriasis is still to discover. No one exactly knows the cause of this skin disorder. Most of doctors believed that genetics and immune system play a key role in the development of this skin disorder. Let discuss it in detail that how genetics and immune system causes this problem.
It is believed that this skin disease is caused due to excess growth of skin cells in body by the immune system. Excess growth of skin cells take place due to activation of T cells in the body. T cell is component of white blood cells which protect the body from various viral, bacterial and other infections.
Due to some abnormality in body, T cells in the body activated that initiate the process of immune system that in turn initiate the growth of skin cells in the body. What factors initiate or activate the T cells in the body are still undiscovered. After activation T cells migrate towards epidermis and cause the release of Cytokines, which causes the inflammation and abnormality in immune system due to which rapid production of skin cells take place in the body.
Genetic cells also play a key role in the development of this skin disorder. Those individuals have more chance of having this problem if parents have this skin disorder. Through genes this disease transfers from parents to their kids.
Some environmental factors also play a key role in the development of this skin disorder among various individuals. Various studies have shown that environmental stress causes psoriasis among various individuals. Some major environmental factors that develop this disease includes, stress at work, lack of nutrients, lack of food and dry skin. Individuals having moisturized and oily skin have less chances of psoriasis than individuals with dry and rough skin.
Some viral and bacterial infections also causes psoriasis usually among the children’s such as rubella, small pox etc.
What causes psoriasis is not fully understood by the doctors but immune system and genetics is believed to be the causes of this skin disorder. There is no cure for this disease but medications and treatment can control the symptoms. Various intelligent, well educated and professional individuals are trying their best to discover the main causes and treatment of psoriasis. Some antibiotics such as erythromycin and penicillin are recommended to the affected individuals. These medicines reduce the inflammation and treat the bacterial infections in the body.